Its principle of rule by the people made it an enticing and ideal form owed much to the Greeks. But how did the Greeks developed democracy? How the Athenian government ran before the introduction of democracy? How did Athenian democracy developed?
Share Shares How was it possible that slavery was so central in a society where individual freedom was so highly valued? This is one of the many paradoxes of ancient Greece. Perhaps it was because of the fundamental role of slavery that ancient Greeks came to value individual freedom so much. This list presents 10 interesting facts linked to slavery in ancient Greece.
Marie-Lan Nguyen There are no reliable figures available on the slave population in ancient Greece. Some scholars have made educated guesses, but the slave population varied significantly across different regions of Greece. Modern estimations suggest that in Attica Athens and its vicinity from to BC, there were roughlyslaves.
The total population of the region was around , which would give us a slave-to-free ratio of about 2: Other, more general estimates state that between 15 and 40 percent of the ancient Greek population were slaves in various regions at different times.
The connection between war booty and slave procurement was so tight that slave traders sometimes joined the armies during their campaigns so they could buy the prisoners immediately after they were captured.
Other streams of slave procurement included piracy, debt, and even barbarian tribes who were willing to exchange their own people for specific goods.
Trading posts also acted as big suppliers of slaves for Greece. Many of these were located around the Black Sea, and some cities such as Byzantium and Ephesus also had big slave markets. State employment was the only form of wage labor free from this prejudice.
Since most free citizens avoided wage labor as much as they could, slaves were used to fill the workforce gaps. As a result, saves could perform a wide range of jobs in ancient Greece. We know of slaves being employed as cooks, craftsmen, maids, miners, nurses, porters, and even in the army as attendants to their masters, baggage carriers, and sometimes as fighters.
Some specific public positions were performed by slaves, the most famous example being surprisingly the police in Athens, which, at least during part of the fifth and fourth centuries BC, consisted mostly of Scythian slaves.
Jean Leon Gerome Owning slaves was a fairly common practice in ancient Greece. A middle-class family might have had between three and 12 slaves, but those numbers are just estimations by scholars and hard to verify. The number of slaves varied according to time and place. In his work Ecclesiazusae, Aristophanes equates not owning any slaves to a sign of poverty.
The two major owners of slaves in ancient Greece were the state, where slaves were employed as police and various other public functions, and also wealthy businessmen, who supplied slaves for working in the mines.
Stefano Bolognini There were different types of slaves in ancient Greece, and their living conditions and expectations were strongly linked to their occupations.
The most unfortunate were the slaves involved in mining, who were condemned to a miserable life and almost certainly an early death. However, not all slaves were doomed to suffer cruelty and abuse, and some could expect a more or less decent living.
Spartan slaves helots could enjoy family life. State slaves in the Athenian army who died during combat were even honored with a state funeral, the same as free citizens. Slave labor was the dominant workforce in many prominent factories, most of which belonged to wealthy politicians.
We have records of two factories owned by Demosthenes that were largely supported by slaves. One of these factories produced swords and had about 30 slaves, while the other used 20 slaves and produced couches. Lysias, the famous writer, owned the largest production center we have on record, a shield factory which had slaves.
The profits from mining were as immense as the risks of working in the mines.The academic study of slavery in ancient Greece is beset by significant methodological problems. for him the ancient society was characterized by development of private ownership and the dominant (and not secondary as in other pre-capitalist societies) Documents on .
Slavery in Ancient Greece Entertainment and Lifestyle Featured Popular Posted on Historians often wonder how it was possible for slavery to be so popular in a society where so many people valued individual freedom.
Democracy's Slaves: A Political History of Ancient Greece [Paulin Ismard, Jane Marie Todd] on urbanagricultureinitiative.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
The ancient Greek statesman is a familiar figure in the Western political tradition. Less well known is the administrator who ran the state but who was himself a slave.
Challenging the modern . Limitations of Cleisthenes and Athenian Democracy. Social tensions led to development of laws as well as reforms to make Athenian society harmonious or at least to prevent civil war and chaos. Nevertheless, tyranny developed but in the end democracy continued to return to Athens.
, F. (Ed.). A History of Ancient Greek: From the. Although many of Aristophanes’ criticisms seem unfair, Socrates cut a strange figure in Athens, going about barefoot, long-haired and unwashed in a society with incredibly refined standards of.
Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century BC in the Greek city-state (known as a polis) of Athens, comprising the city of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica, and is often described as the first known democracy in the world. Other Greek cities set up democracies, most following the Athenian model, but none are as well.