Consequences of Child Abuse and Neglect The consequences of maltreatment can be devastating. For over 30 years, clinicians have described the effects of child abuse and neglect on the physical, psychological, cognitive, and behavioral development of children. Physical consequences range from minor injuries to severe brain damage and even death.
Physical abuse[ edit ] Among professionals and the general public, people often do not agree on what behaviors constitute physical abuse of a child. This includes hitting, beating, kicking, shaking, biting, strangling, scalding, burning, poisoning and suffocating. Much physical violence against children in the home is inflicted with the object of punishing.
Corporal punishment involves hitting 'smacking', 'slapping', 'spanking' children, with the hand or with an implement — whip, stick, belt, shoe, wooden spoon, etc.
But it can also involve, for example, kicking, shaking or throwing children, scratching, pinching, biting, pulling hair or boxing ears, forcing children to stay in uncomfortable positions, burning, scalding or forced ingestion for example, washing children's mouths out with soap or forcing them to swallow hot spices.
The psychologist Alice Millernoted for her books on child abuse, took the view that humiliations, spankings and beatings, slaps in the face, etc.
Physical abuse in childhood has also been linked to homelessness in adulthood. Child sexual abuse and child-on-child sexual abuse Child sexual abuse CSA is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent abuses a child for sexual stimulation.
Psychological abuse There are multiple definitions of child psychological abuse: Inthe American Psychiatric Association APA added Child Psychological Abuse to the DSM-5describing it as "nonaccidental verbal or symbolic acts by a child's parent or caregiver that result, or have reasonable potential to result, in significant psychological harm to the child.
Emotional abuse can result in abnormal or disrupted attachment developmenta tendency for victims to blame themselves self-blame for the abuse, learned helplessnessand overly passive behavior.
Child neglect Child neglect is the failure of a parent or other person with responsibility for the child, to provide needed food, clothing, shelter, medical care, or supervision to the degree that the child's health, safety or well-being may be threatened with harm.
Neglect is also a lack of attention from the people surrounding a child, and the non-provision of the relevant and adequate necessities for the child's survival, which would be a lacking in attention, love, and nurture.
Neglected children may experience delays in physical and psychosocial development, possibly resulting in psychopathology and impaired neuropsychological functions including executive functionattentionprocessing speedlanguage, memory and social skills.
Such children are not likely to view caregivers as being a source of safety, and instead typically show an increase in aggressive and hyperactive behaviors which may disrupt healthy or secure attachment with their adopted parents. These children have apparently learned to adapt to an abusive and inconsistent caregiver by becoming cautiously self-reliant, and are often described as glib, manipulative and disingenuous in their interactions with others as they move through childhood.
Effects[ edit ] Child abuse can result in immediate adverse physical effects but it is also strongly associated with developmental problems  and with many chronic physical and psychological effects, including subsequent ill-health, including higher rates of chronic conditions, high-risk health behaviors and shortened lifespan.
The effects on a child depends on the degree of the abuse is, the greater the abuse, the greater the effect on the child. Abused children also exhibit conditions like difficulty in building up relationships with others so he/she will be isolated from community. CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT 1 Causes and Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect Child abuse and neglect are known as a global epidemic and most of the time they are always associated with dysfunctions in a family, due to environmental or psychosocial factors. Abuse is a complex psychosocial problem that affects large numbers of adults as well as children throughout the world. It is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) under the heading of "Other Conditions That May Be a Focus of Clinical Attention."Although abuse was first defined with regard to children when it first received sustained attention in the.
Children who are constantly ignored, shamed, terrorized or humiliated suffer at least as much, if not more, than if they are physically assaulted. Many abused children experience ongoing difficulties with trust, social withdrawal, trouble in school, and forming relationships.
Babies and pre-school children who are being emotionally abused or neglected may be overly affectionate towards strangers or people they haven't known for very long.
RAD is defined as markedly disturbed and developmentally inappropriate social relatedness, that usually begins before the age of 5 years.
The long-term impact of emotional abuse has not been studied widely, but recent studies have begun to document its long-term consequences.
Research has shown that children exposed to domestic violence increases the chances of experienced behavioral and emotional problems depression, irritability, anxiety, academic problems, and problems in language development.
Rib fractures in an infant secondary to child abuse The immediate physical effects of abuse or neglect can be relatively minor bruises or cuts or severe broken bones, hemorrhage, or even death.
In some cases the physical effects are temporary; however, the pain and suffering they cause a child should not be discounted.The NSPCC is the UK's leading children's charity, preventing abuse and helping those affected to recover.
Text CHILDHOOD to to donate £4. CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT 1 Causes and Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect Child abuse and neglect are known as a global epidemic and most of the time they are always associated with dysfunctions in a family, due to environmental or psychosocial factors.
Using a prescription medication in a way not intended by the doctor can lead to drug abuse. Learn about risk factors and treatment for drug misuse. Substance abuse is another leading cause of child abuse.
According to PCANY, drugs or alcohol contribute to 70 percent of cases of child maltreatment, meaning physical abuse or neglect. Kids under 5 are the most susceptible to abuse or neglect by a substance-abusing parent and represent the fastest growing population of foster urbanagricultureinitiative.comd: Jun 17, Effects of child abuse and neglect for adult survivors.
by Cathryn Hunter, Senior Research Officer with the Child Family Community Australia information exchange at the Australian Institute of Family Studies..
Experiencing abuse and neglect in childhood can lead to adverse outcomes in adulthood. When a child experiences physical or emotional abuse, the wounds run skin deep. Kids who suffer repeated trauma feel lonely, scared, worthless and unloved, which is .