There are many interventions effective for hepatitis C prevention, linkage to testing, care and treatment in PWID. Future efforts to eliminate hepatitis C among PWID require interventions across the six core components of a health systems framework including service delivery, health workforce, health information systems, medical procurement, health systems financing, and leadership and governance. Communication is a key component of the hepatitis C elimination response, promoting the central role of community engagement and ensuring dynamic interaction among the six traditional building blocks.
Moderate Drinkers are the referent alcohol category.
African Americans were more likely than whites to rate their health as fair or poor. Women were less likely to report not feeling loved and cared for than men.
Discussion In this sample of 24, patients screened at 36 primary care clinics, 4 findings emerged: We found that 9. However, the results from this study offer a more ethnically and racially diverse cohort, including those in the oldest age group.
In our sample, frequent binge drinkers who were also heavy drinkers were more likely to report fair or poor health. In accord with previous studies, nondrinking was associated with poorer health parameters, compared to moderate drinking.
These findings are consistent with recent findings of male veterans in primary care. Heavy drinking and binging were consistently lower for Chinese-Americans and Hispanics.
The absence of heavy drinking or binging among elderly Chinese Americans is consistent with other studies. Limitations of this study are: Thus, the population of nondrinkers may be a combination of those who stopped drinking for health reasons and those who never drank. The cross-sectional nature of this study limits our ability to fully explore the associations found in the study.
In addition, although there is some support for single-item assessment of health and social parameters, some of the outcomes are based on more comprehensive measures e. Data were not collected on education and income, 2 factors that have been shown to be associated with alcohol use patterns. Finally, statistical significance must be interpreted within the context of the large sample size in which statistical significance may be associated with small relative differences.
This study is the largest reported convenience sample of elderly primary care patients with documented alcohol use, including the largest sample of primary care elderly, 75 and older. The study includes different ethnic populations and draws from diverse primary care settings, including public health clinics, academically affiliated clinics, large health systems, and VA clinics across multiple regions of the country.
Though the majority of the older sample were nondrinkers, this study provides evidence that alcohol use in the elderly is common.
The majority of alcohol users consumed moderate or at-risk amounts of alcohol based on total weekly consumption cut points, yet, patterns of abuse were frequent. While men were more likely than women to drink and drink heavily, women did use and abuse alcohol.
Finally, in both bivariate and multivariate analyses, at-risk drinkers did not differ significantly from moderate drinkers in their characteristics or for the 3 health parameters evaluated.
Nalla B. Finally, we thank Richard Owen for his thoughtful comments and suggestions during the revision of the manuscript and Penny White for her administrative support. Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest None disclosed.
National Health Interview Survey, family core and sample adult questionnaires, United States, — and — Drug and Alcohol Dependence. Oslin DW.
Alcohol use in late life: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology. Adams WL. Potential for adverse drug—alcohol interactions among retirement community residents. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
Drinking habits among older persons:Alcohol Detector in Car project is designed for the safety of the people seating inside the car. Alcohol breath analyzer project should be fitted / installed inside the vehicle.
Keywords Alcohol detection system, Vehicle controlling system, Accident prevention system, Drunk driving detection.
MQ Gas Sensor. MQ gas sensor can be implementation to detect the smoke, benzene, steam and other harmful gases. It has potential to detect different harmful gases. The MQ gas sensor is low cost to purchase. The basic image of the MQ sensor is shown in the below figure.
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Jan 09, · To determine alcohol consumption patterns and the characteristics associated with at-risk drinking in a large sample of elderly primary care patients.
Cross-sectional analysis of multisite screening data from 6 VA Medical Centers, 2 hospital-based health care networks, and 3 . Design And Finite Element Analysis Of Broaching Tools Design And Finite Element Analysis Of Broaching Tools Abstract: Broaching is a machining process in which a cutting tool, having multiple transverse cutting edges, is pushed or pulled through a hole or surface to remove metal by axial method.
The Driver Alcohol Detection System for Safety (DADSS) Research Program is developing a first-of-its-kind alcohol detection technology that can detect when a driver is impaired with a blood alcohol content (BAC) at or above the legal limit of % and will prevent the car from moving.