Theory[ edit ] Post-structuralist philosophers like Derrida and Foucault did not form a self-conscious group, but each responded to the traditions of phenomenology and structuralism. The idea that knowledge could be centred on the beholder is rejected by Structuralism, which claims to be a more secure foundation for knowledge. In Structuralism, knowledge is founded on the "structures" that make experience possible:
Within his published work, these concepts featured only in the last chapter of the slim first volume of History of Sexuality The Will to Knowledge: History of Sexuality Volume I This notwithstanding, biopolitics and biopower continue to hold significant purchase in and for discussions on modern forms of governance and modes of subjectification.
In short, biopolitics can be understood as a political rationality which takes the administration of life and populations as its subject: The new biopower operates instead through dispersed networks — what in Security, Territory, Population Foucault names the dispositif.
The second pole, Foucault describes as follows: The second, formed somewhat later, focused on the species body, the body imbued with the mechanics of life and serving as the basis of the biological processes: Their supervision was effected through an entire series of interventions and regulatory controls: State Racism Biopolitics marks a significant historical transformation from a politics of sovereignty to a politics of society.
In The Will to Knowledge Foucault describes how: Wars are no longer waged in the name of a sovereign who must be defended; they are waged on behalf of the existence of everyone; entire populations are mobilized for the purpose of wholesale slaughter in the name of life necessity:Discourse is a term becoming increasingly common in a wide range of academic and non-academic contexts.
Discourse can be defined variously.
Cook ( ) views discourse as “a stretch of language perceived to be meaningful unified and purposive”, whereas Nunan () asserts that discourse. Brock’s English Department offers challenging academic study combined with practical experience in critical thinking and in writing.
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From Structuralism to Post-structuralism “Structuralism” initiated a meta-theoretical reversal, that is, a reversal in our understanding of the way we theorize (often named “the linguistic turn”).
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Post-structuralism is associated with the works of a series of midth-century French, continental philosophers and critical theorists who came to be known internationally in the s and s.
The term is defined by its relationship to the system before it—structuralism, an intellectual movement developed in Europe from the early to midth century which argues that human culture may be.