In this essay he presents various astute explanations as to why billionaires such as Bill Gates and Warren Buffet should give to the less fortunate.
He uses an example of the famine that occurred in Bengal inwhen people were afflicted of hunger but no one did anything to mitigate it.
Singer believes that most people would agree with him, as a big population in the world hates suffering Singer Singer further asserts that efforts to avert disasters from happening should not lead to erosion of aspects and resources which are essential for maintenance of morality of society Singer, The third argument is founded on the belief that evidence for sincere commitment to alleviate poverty is in sacrifice that causes pain to an individual in a bid to help those less fortunate.
Singer supports this claim by an illustration of a drowning child. Although the child might have erred and drowned, the moral interest and commitment to help the child should not be withheld because of the failures and mistakes done by him.
The moral responsibility to save life will thus override the faults of an individual in need of aid. The first counter-argument takes an account of proximity or distance. That is, you can only give a helping hand if you are close to the situation that needs intervention.
Singer asserts that we cannot avoid helping others simply because they are far away from our reach or we were unaware of Peter singer the visible man analysis essay sufferings.
According to Singer, the process of globalization has ably nullified this counter-argument. In addition, he claims that aid organizations are now numerous and efficient.
Besides, the media has really made it possible for everyone to be aware of people and places where aid is needed. A good example is the role the media, played in reporting Bengal poverty situation. Ignorance can therefore not be used as an excuse for failing to help people in need of our help.
The second counter-argument is based on the current view of morality. There are those who have maintained that they do not have moral obligation to help the needy at the cost of their comfort Brooks, Singer differs with this argument and reasserts that our morality and ethics should not be contained by the need for personal physical and psychological comfort.
Preferring a luxurious life while others are suffering is not only immoral, but also unethical, according to Singer Pogge, The third counter-argument in relation to altruism is based on the assumption that the amount of help, which is given to someone, does not matter as the fact of help remains the most vital.
Singer argues that every person has a duty to donate money to poverty-stricken fellows. Moral judgment requires such a person to give even more since he is endowed with much, compared to others of his caliber. There are two types of marginal utility.
These are positive and negative marginal utilities. Positive marginal utility is when the consumption of an additional unit causes an increase in total utility, while the negative marginal utility occurs when the consumption of an extra unit diminishes the total utility Gwartney, Singer applies the concept of marginal utility in explaining how an additional giving would causes more suffering to oneself.
However, he claims that if everyone could offer to give more money to those suffering, there would be more than enough for refugees. They would, thus, enjoy camp life where they benefit from relief food, while others will be straining to sustain them.
Therefore, in order to avoid this negative marginal utility, individuals should just give the least they can, just to satisfy the basic needs for the refugees.
Duty and Charity according to Singer. There are some acts which the world has always regarded as charity, which Singer asserts should be classified as moral duty.
For example, it was the moral obligation of the rich countries and individuals to alleviate famine in Bengal. When affluent countries offer money, food and other items to support people in Bengal, they are just performing their duty and not being charitable.
Pogge explains that it is the duty of rich nations to avert poverty in poor countries, since they are partly responsible for it.
This is, thus, a case of charity and not the duty as in the first instance. Personal Opinion against Singers Claims. It is not our moral obligation to offer help to the extent that Singer presents it.
Altruism is purely based on personal beliefs and philosophical values, which are never universal Cullity, It is therefore not a mandatory moral responsibility to help people who are stricken by poverty and famine. Therefore, failure to offer aid to effort to help those who are suffering is not equivalent to betrayal or selfishness as Singer asserts Singer, People should not be coerced to work strenuously so as to relieve poverty.
This might lead to other medical complication, causing more financial burden Pogge, Aid should therefore be given virtually to compliment the effort of those who are in need, but should not be obligatory.Peter Singer, an Australian moral philosopher and Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University, penned the essay What Should a Billionaire Give?
In this essay he presents various astute explanations as to why billionaires such as Bill Gates and Warren Buffet should give to the less fortunate. Sep 05, · Rhetorical Analysis “Singer’s Solution to World Poverty” In his essay “The Singer Solution to World Poverty”, utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer claims that the solution to world poverty is for Americans to donate all income not required for necessities to overseas aid organizations.
“Visible Man” by Peter Singer How often do you wonder if what you just put online may be too reveling? Do you ever ask yourself what the U.S.
government is really doing? In Peter Singer’s article, “Visible Man” written in Harper’s Magazine in August of , he researched the real facts on how intervening and secretive the government is%(3). Jan 30, · Summary of Singer’s Visible Man In Peter Singer’s Visible Man, Singer describes privacy in the modern world, and whether the leaking of classified government documents or collection of data on the citizens is a good or bad thing.
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Peter Singer, an Australian moral philosopher and Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University, penned the essay What Should a Billionaire Give? In this essay he presents various astute explanations as to why billionaires such as Bill Gates and Warren Buffet should give to the less fortunate.