Traditional political mapmakers, at least throughout the 20th century, have used blue to represent the modern-day Republicans, as well as the earlier Federalist Party. This may have been a holdover from the American Civil War, during which the predominantly Republican north was considered "blue". There was one historical use, associated with boss ruleof blue for Democrats and red for Republicans:
InfoWorld wrote that it  is widely recognized as the most influential company in the microcomputer-software industry. Some insiders say Microsoft is attempting to be the IBM of the software industry.
The commissioners deadlocked with a 2—2 vote in and closed the investigation, but the Department of Justice led by Janet Reno opened its own investigation on August 21 of that year, resulting in a settlement on July 15, in which Microsoft consented not to tie other Microsoft products to the sale of Windows but remained free to integrate additional features into the operating system.
Pack sold separately   was not a product but a feature which it was allowed to add to Windows, although the DOJ did not agree with this definition.
In its Annual Report, Microsoft stated: Department of Justice, 18 states, and the District of Columbia in two separate actions were resolved through a Consent Decree that took effect in and a Final Judgment entered in These proceedings imposed various constraints on our Windows operating system businesses.
These constraints include limits on certain contracting practices, mandated disclosure of certain software program interfaces and protocols, and rights for computer Smaller states vs big states to limit the visibility of certain Windows features in new PCs.
We believe we are in full compliance with these rules. However, if we fail to comply with them, additional restrictions could be imposed on us that would adversely affect our business. Trial[ edit ] Bill Gates during his deposition. The suit began on May 18,with the U.
Department of Justice and the Attorneys General of twenty U. In Octoberthe U. Department of Justice also sued Microsoft for violating a consent decree by forcing computer makers to include its Internet browser as a part of the installation of Windows software.
Later, Allchin re-ran the demonstration and provided a new videotape, but in so doing Microsoft dropped the claim that Windows is slowed down when Internet Explorer is removed. Mark Murray, a Microsoft spokesperson, berated the government attorneys for "nitpicking on issues like video production".
The issue in question was how easy or hard it was for America Online users to download and install Netscape Navigator onto a Windows PC.
The judge asked, "It seemed absolutely clear to you that I entered an order that required that you distribute a product that would not work?
We followed that order. Consumers of high technology have enjoyed falling prices, expanding outputs, and a breathtaking array of new products and innovations. Increasingly, however, some firms have sought to handicap their rivals by turning to government for protection. Many of these cases are based on speculation about some vaguely specified consumer harm in some unspecified future, and many of the proposed interventions will weaken successful U.
On April 3,he issued his conclusions of law, according to which Microsoft had committed monopolizationattempted monopolization, and tying in violation of Sections 1 and 2 of the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Schmalenseea noted economist and the dean of the MIT Sloan School of Managementtestified as an expert witness in favor of Microsoft. Circuit Court of Appealsthe district trial court certified appeal directly to the U.
This was partly because the appellate court had adopted a "drastically altered scope of liability" under which the remedies could be taken, and also partly due to the embargoed interviews Judge Jackson had given to the news media while he was still hearing the case, in violation of the Code of Conduct for US Judges.
Circuit Court of Appeals hearing, in which the appeals court judges accused him of unethical conduct and determined he should have recused himself from the case. Microsoft is a company with an institutional disdain for both the truth and for rules of law that lesser entities must respect.
It is also a company whose senior management is not averse to offering specious testimony to support spurious defenses to claims of its wrongdoing.urbanagricultureinitiative.com: Vanguard VS Table Top Tripod: Camera Tripods For Digital Cameras: Camera & Photo.
Since the United States presidential election, red states and blue states have referred to states of the United States whose voters predominantly choose either the Republican Party (red) or Democratic Party (blue) presidential candidates.
Since then, the use of the term has been expanded to differentiate between states being perceived as liberal and those perceived as conservative. Compare the average cost of bariatric surgery in the United States, Mexico, Canada, Australia, United Kingdom, and India. Tracks the Usage Share of Search Engines, Browsers and Operating Systems including Mobile from over 10 billion monthly page views.
NPV's contract goes into effect when states with a combined electoral votes have signed. How many votes do they currently have? which also advances the United States vs. Iran proxy theory in general.) Iran not only lost an enemy when Saddam was hanged, it gained an ally in the new Iraq.