WHAT an unaccountable thing is it for so many men to blindfold themselves on purpose to fall foul upon Christianity!
Rather, I'm asking what was so unique about their circumstances that no other complete Mediterranean empire ever arose, and how after the Romans very few even managed to united Italy for at least another thousand years, much less the rest of their core domains. More specifically, for many major, ancient long lasting Empires, there is a repeating patterns of their geographical heartlands and limits.
For example, the Chinese heartland has unified, fragmented and unified again numerous times. The Persian Empires almost always contain the same heartlands as their predecessors. Most of the Northern Indian empires throughout history occupy the heartland. Same with Egypt, the Anatolian states, or even the entirety of the Eastern Mediterranean.
To be concise, it seems many of these regions repeatedly come under the same regimes and empires throughout history.
There almost seems like geographical and ethnic fate for the core regions of these empires to never be splintered for long. One can say it's logical for these great empires to arise again and again out of the same place, and occupy roughly the same core areas.
Obviously there have existed many empires who go far beyond these traditional borders that is to say, empires that combined large swaths of previously unrelated territoriesand afterwards we never again see those territories under the same authorities.
But it seems most of such empires never last very long, and they quickly dissolve back to the status quo. For example, Alexander quickly conquered and combined Macedonia, Greece and the Persian empire.
Yet just as quickly the empire dissolved back into pieces that fit pretty neatly with predecessor states and empire i. Same with the Mongols. As quickly as they conquered, they dissolved even quicker into 4 pieces, 3 of which geographically correspond well with older empires Persia, Qara Khitai, China.
Even the Caliphate dissolved similarly within time. But the Romans seem special. They completely dominated the Mediterranean for what, years?
Much longer than most of the "one-and-done" Empires in history. For centuries the Romans held off the decay into their original constituent states, seemingly without extreme difficulty.
Yet afterwards barely anybody managed to unite Italy, much less the Mediterranean. Justinian came close to ruling the entire Mediterranean, yet that effort exhausted the Byzantines, so much so that in hindsight we consider the reconquest to be a hopeless venture that could never have lasted, despite massive military victories.
Why was it so incredibly difficult, and almost logistically impossible for the Byzantines to fully recreate the Roman empire? And for that matter, virtually anybody else? Was it simply because the Romans were fortunate enough to greatly develop in technology and organization at a time when none of their neighbors could match it?
And once the people of the Mediterranean semi-reached parity with each other, it became impossible for any one of them to dominate all of the others? TLDR; why is it considered pretty much impossible, in the post-Roman world, for anybody to recreate the borders of that empire in a lasting manner?
What changed in those centuries of Roman rule, that turned the reality of a lasting, united Mediterranean into a pipe dream?\n\n The invasions into Gaul of occurred at a time\nwhen Roman soldiers were withdrawn from Britain and the frontier of Gaul to\nfight an attempted invasion of Italy by an Ostrogoth king.
TACTICAL FACTORS IN THE SPANISH CONQUEST OF THE AZTECS DOUGLAS A.
DANIEL Western Washington University A perspective largely unexamined in . The Roman Empire dominated most of Europe and much of Africa and the Middle East for centuries. So great was the empire that it influences geopolitics even today. Often overlooked is the role that geography played in the great city's rise to power.
Several geographic advantages helped Rome to grow. By the Romans controlled all of Italy, and in began the great wars that allowed Rome to become master of the Mediterranean. The most important of these wars were called the . The Rise of the Roman Empire can be contributed to many factors.
Those factors would include strength in the military, society, leadership, religious, and architectural aspects of the Roman Empire. To start with, the rapid expansion and the incredible success of the Roman Empire was largely due . Roman culture gained much from the Greek colonies in Italy - Sicily, southern Italy and even some ports in the north.
Greek became the lingua franca of Rome. Roman households employed Greeks as tutors.