These choices not only include a multitude of artists, but also a wide diversity of music categories. These categories run the gamut from easy listening dance music to more complex art music.
Beginnings[ edit ] The earliest American classical music consists of part-songs used in religious services during Colonial times.
The first music of this type in America were the psalm books, such as the Ainsworth Psalterbrought over from Europe by the settlers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Many of these composers were amateurs, and many were singers: Some of the most unusual innovators were composers such as Anthony Philip Heinrichwho received some formal instrumental training but were entirely self-taught in composition.
Heinrich traveled extensively throughout the interior of the young United States in the early 19th century, recording his experiences with colorful orchestral and chamber music which had almost nothing in common with the music being composed in Europe. Heinrich was the first American composer to write for symphony orchestra, as well as the first to conduct a Beethoven symphony in the United States in Lexington, Kentucky in Because the United States is made up of many states, some of which were parts of other empires, the classical music of the nation has derived from those empires respectively.
The earliest classical music in what is now California, and other former Spanish colonies, was the renaissance polyphony of Spain.
This sacred classical music was provided to support the liturgy of the Catholic Church. Second New England School[ edit ] Main article: Second New England School During the mid to late 19th century, a vigorous tradition of home-grown classical music developed, especially in New England.
Academics view this development as pivotal in the history of American classical music because it established the characteristics that set it apart from its European ancestors.
Together with Paine, the group was also known as the Boston Six. Many of these composers went to Europe — especially Germany — to study, but returned to the United States to compose, perform, and acquire students.
Some of their stylistic descendants include 20th-century composers such as Howard HansonWalter Pistonand Roger Sessions. Ives was considered the last of the Second New England School composers although his music is viewed by some as one that still drew influence from European tradition mixed with modernism.
He created a convincing synthesis of music from several traditions. Similarly inclined was Leonard Bernsteinwho at times mixed non-tonal music with Jazz in his classical compositions.
Many of the major classical composers of the 20th century were influenced by folk traditions, none more quintessentially, perhaps, than Charles Ives or Aaron Copland.
Other composers adopted features of folk musicfrom the Appalachians, the plains and elsewhere, including Roy HarrisElmer BernsteinDavid DiamondElie Siegmeisterand others. Yet other early to midth-century composers continued in the more experimental traditions, including such figures as Charles IvesGeorge Antheiland Henry Cowell.
Others, such as Samuel Barbercaptured a period of Americana in such pieces as Knoxville: The 20th century also saw important works published by such significant immigrant composers as Igor Stravinsky and Arnold Schoenbergwho came to America for a variety of reasons, including political persecution, aesthetic freedom and economic opportunity.
See Modernism music for more information on the rise of Modernism in America and throughout the world. Minimalism is a musical movement that started in the early s in New York City. Composers such as Philip GlassSteve Reichand John Adams used experimental composition techniques such as drones, phasing, repeated motifs, sharp contrasts between mixed meters, simple but often abrupt movements between minor and major chords with the same root, contrasts between tonality and atonality, and a large amount of use of synthesizers to display the interplay of the fundamental building blocks of music:Kent State Online Master of Music in Music Education > articles > America’s Music History: The Jazz Age America’s Music History: The Jazz Age When talking about America’s Jazz age, it is hard not to think of a dimly-lit smoky bar with smooth tunes drifting from the piano.
Jazz: Jazz, musical form, often improvisational, developed by African Americans and influenced by both European harmonic structure and African rhythms.
It is often characterized by syncopated rhythms, polyphonic ensemble playing, and the use of original timbres. Learn more about its . Jazz is a distinctively American form of music, and it’s history occupies a much smaller span of time.
Its origins are found in the early s as some dance band leaders in the southern U.S. began playing music that combined ragtime and blues.
The history of the music echoes the history of twentieth-century America. Jazz provided the background for the giddy era that F. Scott Fitzgerald called the Jazz Age. The irresistible pulse of big-band swing lifted the spirits and boosted American morale during the Great Depression and World War II/5().
Feb 28, · Positioning jazz as ''America's classical music'' could keep people away from jazz's earthiness and exaltation. Putting the ''classical'' stamp on jazz is a way of insisting on the music's. The music of the United States reflects the country's multi-ethnic population through a diverse array of styles.
It is a mixture of music influenced by West African, Irish, Scottish and mainland European cultures among others.