Visit Website After the eighth grade, Malcolm dropped out of school, headed for a life of crime. Turning to an ascetic way of life and reading widely, he began to overcome the degradation he had known. He became a loyal disciple and adopted X—symbolic of a stolen identity—as his last name. After six years Malcolm was released from prison.
Unlike many other African American leaders of this time, who supported nonviolent methods, Malcolm X believed in using more aggressive measures in the fight for civil rights.
His father, a Baptist minister, was an outspoken follower of Marcus Garvey —the black nationalist leader. A nationalist is a person who promotes one nation's culture and interests over all others. Garvey supported a "back-to-Africa" movement for African Americans.
During Malcolm's early years, his family moved several times because of racism dislike and poor treatment of people based on their race. They moved from Omaha, Nebraska, after being threatened by the Ku Klux Klan, a group that believes that white people are superior to all other races.
While living in an all-white neighborhood in Michigan their house was burned. When Malcolm was six years old, his father was mysteriously murdered. The black community was convinced that white people had committed the crime.
Three of Malcolm's four uncles were also murdered by white people.
By the s the nation had fallen into the Great Depression, a decade-long period of great economic hardship. Work was scarce, and Malcolm's family struggled. For a time his mother and her eight children lived on public welfare. When his mother became mentally ill, Malcolm was sent to a foster home.
His mother remained in a mental institution for about twenty-six years. The children were divided among several families, and Malcolm lived in various state institutions and boardinghouses. At thirteen Malcolm was charged with delinquency behaving in a way that is against the law and was sent to a juvenile detention home a place where young people are held in custody.
He dropped out of school at the age of fifteen. A criminal life Living with his sister in Boston, Massachusetts, Malcolm worked as a shoeshine boy, a busboy, and a waiter. In Boston Malcolm began visiting the black ghetto an area of a city where a minority lives of Roxbury.
There, he was drawn to the neighborhood's street life. He began wearing flashy clothing and jumped into a criminal life that included gambling, selling drugs, and burglary. In Malcolm moved to New York City's Harlem neighborhood where he continued his unlawful lifestyle.
He adapted well to the New York City street life and rose quickly in the criminal world. Malcolm became known as Detroit Red, for his red shock of hair. When the police uncovered his criminal activities, Malcolm returned to Boston. Reformed in prison Inat the age of twenty, Malcolm was sentenced to ten years in prison for burglary.
While in prison he began to transform his life. He began reading books on history, philosophy, and religion. In prison his brother Reginald visited him and told Malcolm about the Black Muslims. The leader of the group was Elijah Muhammad — Malcolm began to study Muhammad's teachings and to practice the religion faithfully.
These teachings taught that the white man is evil and doomed by Allah to destruction.Sep 05, · Malcolm X: Malcolm X, African American leader and prominent figure in the Nation of Islam who articulated concepts of race pride and black nationalism.
After his assassination, the widespread distribution of his life story— The Autobiography of Malcolm X ()—made him an ideological hero, especially among black youth. In addition to seeking the assistance of African governments and national liberation movements in the struggle of African Americans, Malcolm X, like William Patterson, Paul Robeson and W.E.B.
Du Bois of the Civil Rights Congress in , sought to take the plight of African Americans before the United Nations, seeking sanctions against the U.S. for crimes against humanity. Oct 29, · Watch video · Malcolm X had predicted that, though he had but little time to live, he would be more important in death than in life.
Foreshadowings of his martyrdom are found in The Autobiography of Malcolm X. Youth today must study the works of Malcolm X and apply the lessons of his life and struggles to the monumental challenges facing the workers and oppressed in the 21st century. * THE VIEWS OF THE ABOVE ARTICLE ARE THOSE OF THE AUTHOR/S AND DO NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT THE VIEWS OF THE PAMBAZUKA NEWS EDITORIAL TEAM.
Malcolm X’s earlier life experiences influenced why he became the most aggressive black, civil rights leader in the United States. Malcolm Earl Little was born and raised in Omaha, Nebraska.
Later, he changed his name to Malcolm . The name of Malcolm X still evokes mixed feelings. Some people classify him along with the black radicals advocating ´inside out´ racism, others seen him as a mere demagogue who turned all in favour of his views.