The command center analyzes the inputs and outputs established from a modeled control process and the sales force. The control process enables the sales force to establish performance standards, measuring actual performance, comparing measured performance against established standards and taking corrective action. The sales managers adjust their actions based on the overall process.
Take, for example, the smartphone. But every time a smartphone user connects to the Internet, places a call, or sends an instant message, it uses power not only on their phone, but at every step of the infrastructure used to perform that function. More often than not, data centers, also called "server farms," are intimately involved in any Internet-based communication.
These data centers are growing not only in number, but also in sheer size. IBM has a data center which covers approximately forty thousand square feet three football fields and contains ten thousand servers.
Major data centers require such a large amount of energy to power and maintain that only large corporations are able to build them up.
The cost of running large data centers is a significant component of the overall IT budget of firms. There are two components to the energy cost of data centers: In the large data centers, temperatures would reach degrees in just two minutes if the cooling system were disabled.
At this temperature, processors andhard drives begin to malfunction. Inthere are approximately 3 million data centers in the United States and over 9 million data centers of all sizes worldwide.
IDC estimates that the number of data centers will decline beginning in due to the growth of very large cloud mega data centers.
Currently US data centers consume about billion kilowatt hours of electricity. Most data centers do not practice energy management, and waste approximately 20 billion kilowatt hours annually. The growth of cloud computing, streaming of music and video, is expected to accelerate data center power consumption in the next ten years even as the number of data centers decline.
The fastest expansion in data centers is now occurring in developing markets like those of China, Brazil, and Argentina. It will also relieve the financial burdens of companies that maintain these server farms.
There is plenty of incentive for online e-commerce companies like Amazon, Apple, Google, Facebook, and Microsoft to reduce their data center power consumption. For example, placing data centers in areas of the world where ambient temperatures are lower lessens cooling requirements. An area in high demand is Iceland, and other Scandinavian countries, where the temperature is much lower and cooling needs are reduced.
In addition these countries make extensive use of hydropower, which does not contribute to global warming and is much less expensive than coal and nuclear power.
In the United States, the hydropower produced by the Columbia River makes the northwest a popular data center location, along with southeastern states that rely on hydropower produced by the Tennessee Valley Authority and the Tennessee River. Another method for reducing the IT-component of power consumption is virtualization.
This technique allows servers to perform multiple tasks at once and is one of the more prominent "green" initiatives for reducing emissions and increasing efficiency.
Using this technique, a single machine can run more than one operating system at the same time, and operate at a much higher duty cycle, reducing the number of computers required to perform the same number of tasks, and reducing the overall cooling requirements of data centers.
On the other hand, increasing the duty cycle the amount of time a computer is actually doing work rather than idling also increases the heat generated by processors. Google is considered to be an industry leader in data center efficiency, in part because it builds its own custom data centers rather than rely on standard industry equipment and practices.
However, although "going green" can be both financially and environmentally beneficial, companies that develop unique technology are given an incentive not to share them to gain a competitive advantage.
However, as demonstrated in this video, Google takes many other steps to share its energy efficient best practices with other firms and the public. What is PUE, and why is it an important place to start when considering how to reduce data center power consumption?
What value of PUE should data center managers strive for? Describe the five methods recommended by Google for reducing power consumption.
|Solution-What advantage does the sfa application have for||Today, many small and midsize enterprise sales organizations combat fragmented customer data, an expanding customer base, more complex products, increased competition, higher customer expectations, longer sales cycles and an expanding sales force. But regardless of the technology you ultimately select, SFA should deliver most, if not all, of the following benefits:|
|Increased Sales, Improved Productivity and Abbreviated Sales Cycle Top the List||Mature SFA systems provide proven and disciplined processes which either inform the sales person he or she is wasting their time or guide sale opportunities to predictable closures.|
|Sales force management system - Wikipedia||Whether you're a small services business or an enterprise offering hundreds of global products, SFA software is designed to eliminate many of the necessary - but time-consuming - tasks associated with selling. Today, many small and midsize enterprise sales organizations combat fragmented customer data, an expanding customer base, more complex products, increased competition, higher customer expectations, longer sales cycles and an expanding sales force.|
List several factors that will tend to retard or accelerate data center power consumption both globally and in the United States. Where do you suspect that data-center power consumption will be greatest: Imagine that a company has developed an advanced technology that allows it to reduce its data-center requirements by an unprecedented amount, and creates a competitive advantage for the company in the data-center market.
Why should it share that technology with other data-center firms? If this firm does not share its techniques, the rest of the industry will continue to operate less efficient centers, and increase global emissions of greenhouse gases above what they would otherwise be.
Should the government or an industry association regulate the carbon emissions of the data center industry as they do the airline industry? Or the automobile industry? Or is it sufficient to rely on the competitive market place to drive down energy consumption in data centers?
Case 2 - Salesforce. A striking, contemporary example of the emerging digital platform where most computing will take place by The SaaS model is a departure from traditional software bought and installed on machines locally.
More information on Salesforce.Chapter 5 IT Infrastructure amd Emerging Technologies Case 2: urbanagricultureinitiative.com: SFA on the iPhone and iPod Touch This video is a demonstration of a Salesforce SFA application, just one of Salesforce's 63, platform What advantages does the SFA application have for salespeople?
If you were a salesperson, how would. take advantage of the iPhone platform to broaden the market for its applications. This video is a demonstration of a Salesforce SFA application, just one of Salesforce's 63, platform applications.
Sales-force automation systems vary in their capabilities. They can vary depending on what information an organization needs. The application also has implications based on an organization's size, organization rollup, demand of new system, sales processes, and number of users.
urbanagricultureinitiative.com is just one of many companies hoping to take advantage of the iPhone platform to broaden the market for its applications. This video is a demonstration of a Salesforce SFA application, just one of Salesforce's 63, platform applications.
Gartner says that SaaS SFA is used by more than 3 million sales people, and as of SaaS SFA is outselling on premises SFA - a trend that will certainly become even more lopsided. The advantages in terms of time to value, user experience and cost are compelling.
What advantages does the SFA application have for sales people? If you were a salesperson, how would you use it? Salespeople are often on the go, so applications that run on the mobile devices that are so useful to salespeople are an obvious benefit%(84).